Erect-crested Penguins

The Erect-crested Penguin is a member of the crested group of penguins. Erect-crested Penguins have suffered substantial declines since the late 1970s.
Common Name: Erect-crested Penguin
Scientific name: Eudyptes sclateri
Population: 68,000 breeding pairs
Weight and height: 3.5 kg – 5.5 kg, 65 cm – 70 cm
Lifespan: 12 years
Conservation status: Endangered
Population Trend: Decreasing
Geographic Breeding Range: New Zealand
Prey/diet: Krill, fish and cephalopods

Range map from IUCN Red List

Distinguishing physical characteristics: Erect-crested Penguins are distinguished by the upright yellow plumes of their crests. Bill is a dirty orange with a white or pale pink gape. Legs and feet are pink, eyes are brown.
Interesting tidbit about Erect-crested Penguins: These birds lay their eggs directly on rocks and have very rudimentary nests.