Macaroni Penguins

Macaroni Penguins are the most abundant of all the penguins. They are members of the crested group of penguins.
Common Name: Macaroni Penguin
Scientific name: Eudyptes chrysolophus
Population: 9 million breeding pairs
Weight and height: 3.1 kg – 5.0 kg and 71 cm
Lifespan: 11.4 years
Conservation status: Vulnerable
Population Trend: Decreasing
Geographic Breeding Range: Antarctic Peninsula; Bouvet Island; Chile; Falkland Islands; French Southern Territories; Heard Island and McDonald Islands; South Africa (Marion Island, Prince Edward Island); South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands
Prey/diet: Crustaceans, myctophid fish, amphipods, and cephalopods

Range map from IUCN Red List

Distinguishing physical characteristics: Conspicuous yellow crest feathers that part in the middle at the top of the head. Bill is heavy and varies in color from red to orange to brown, with a pink gape. Legs and feet are pink, eyes are dark red.
Interesting tidbit about Macaroni Penguins: This species was named in the 18th century by English explorers for their yellow-orange tassels. The tassels resembled the feathers called “macaronis” on the hats worn by young fashionable men.