Northern Rockhopper Penguins

The Northern Rockhopper Penguin is the smallest of the Eudyptes group of crested penguins.
Common Name: Northern Rockhopper Penguin
Scientific name: Eudyptes moseleyi
Population: 190,000-230,000 breeding pairs
Weight and height: 3 kg,  52 cm – 55 cm
Lifespan: 9 – 12 years
Conservation status: Endangered
Population Trend: Decreasing

Range map from IUCN Red List

Geographic Breeding Range: French Southern Territories; Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha; Falkland Islands (rare)
Prey/diet: Crustaceans, particularly euphausids, some fish and very few cephalopods
Distinguishing physical characteristics: Exceptionally long yellow plumes on each side of the head, initiating at the bill and running above the eye. Legs and feet are pink, bill is orange. Eye is vivid red. Best distinguished from Southern Rockhopper Penguin by much longer yellow plumes on the Northern Rockhopper.